The School-age Assessment of Attachment (SAA) is a clinical tool that offers reliable and valid assessment of children’s attachment, taking into account the developmental implications of children’s behaviour at this stage in their lives. It is appropriate for children between 6 years of age and puberty and fits between the Preschool Assessment of Attachment (PAA) and the Transition to Adulthood Attachment Interview (TAAI).
It is intended to provide information on (1) children’s self-protective strategies (i.e., why they do what they do when they are under stress), (2) the sorts of stressors that are most troubling to them, and (3) how they process information to arrive at their understanding of their experience. Knowing the strategy will be helpful for parents and professionals as they consider how best to respond to children, knowing the stressors can help everyone to prevent problems, and knowing how information is processed can help mental health professionals structure beneficial treatment (and avoid inappropriate interventions).
The SAA consists of 7 picture cards that address threats that school-aged children frequently face or imagine facing. The interview protocol asks for an imagined story about the child on the card and then recall of a similar episode in the responding child’s life. For each story, the child gives the sequence of events (cognition) and the child’s feelings (affect), the child’s thoughts about attachment figures’ thoughts and feelings (perspective-taking and theory of mind), and reasons why the child did what he or she did and ideas about what they might do in the future (concrete reflective functioning regarding the self).
The interview is audio recorded and transcribed. The transcript is then annotated for specific discourse markers in six memory systems; the discourse markers are derived from the Dynamic Maturational method (DMM) for analysing the Adult Attachment Interview (AAI)(Crittenden, 1999a) adapted to fit the speech patterns of school-aged children. Using written guidelines, each SAA interview is assigned to one of the DMM classifications.
The basic training addresses the patterns found in normative and out-patient treatment populations and involves 15 days of full-time effort coding transcripts.
Following the basic course members may take an advanced clinical training that covers very complex patterning, other forms of lack of resolution and disorientation.
The SAA offers the opportunity to significantly further professional development but it is also very demanding. Achieving reliability for clinical use will take about nine months and for coding/research about eighteen months. You need to allow 2 to 3 hours a week for practice outside of the taught weeks.
Mandatory Course Requirements
It is essential that trainees attend all 15 days of the course.
Crittenden’s Attachment, Neurodevelopment and Psychopathology course is a prerequisite to the SAA course. UK course details can be found here.
Details of courses elsewhere in the world can be found here.
There will be homework practice transcripts to code following the 3 teaching weeks.
A reliability test will follow on from completion of the final set of practice transcripts. Not completing the practice transcripts is likely to seriously impede the level of reliability that can be achieved. The Family Relations Institute issues participants with a reliability certificate stating the percent agreement with the standard. This reliability can be reported. Evidence of reliability should be requested if the participant will code data for others.
Competence in interviewing is also assessed and therefore course participants are required to submit 3 School-age Assessments of Attachment for feedback (two normative, 1 clinical) during the course. Feedback will be given after each interview and a certificate issued if interviewing skills are judged to be satisfactory.
The course will be delivered online via Zoom video conference.
Training days will begin at 1pm and end between 6-7pm UK time.
You will be required to read and classify a transcript before the training starts each day. Consequently, participants should be entirely free of other obligations during the training.
All teaching, weekly feedback on practice SAA’s and registration with Dr Crittenden for the reliability test.